The height of the Çankırı province, which is located in the Central Anatolian Region and the Western Black Sea transition area to the north of the Central Anatolia Region, is 723 meters. The mountains on the northern border of the province are also the Ilgaz Mountains on the second line of the Northern Anatolian Mountains, which constitute the highest position. The largest running water in the provincial borders is the Kizilirmak, which is also the longest river of our country.
The forests of the province are mainly located in Ilgaz district, and also around Eldivan, Elaman, Egriova, Guven, Isik Mountain, Ilısılık, Yapraklı, Sarikaya, Karakaya and Erikli mountains. The coniferous trees that make up the upper flora of the plant cover of the province are particularly woods such as larch, yellow pine, juniper, oak, spruce and fir and woods such as wild pear and cornal trees. Also, willow and poplar trees along with rich orchards are also found throughout the rivers.
In the province, The continental climate of Central Anatolia Region dominates. Summers are hot and dry, winters are cold and rainy. The hottest months are July and August, and the coldest months are January and February.
The existence of a continuous settlement has been known in Çankırı since the Neolithic Period (7000-5000 BC).
Cankiri has witnessed the periods of Hittite, Phrygia, Cimmeria, Persia, Great Alexander, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Danishmend, Candaroglu and Ottoman, respectively. The province, historically Germanicopolis and Gangra in the Byzantine Period, later Kengri, was named Cankiri during the Republican period.